Factors of Skin Damage Kritika Ponia February 7, 2012 Beauty, Health Our skin is the outermost layer of the body and is subjected to a lot of damage. There are many factors that affect out skin and the consequences are seen in the form of redness, wrinkles, itching and in worst cases even cancer. These are also aging effects. Skin ages with time and in presence of these factors, it will age faster and even in your early thirties and late twenties, you might see signs of aging. Before you come to conclusions and think about treatments, here are the most common causes and factors involved in skin damage: 1. Sun: The sun is the biggest culprit when it comes to skin damage. Sun’s rays contain UV rays which are very harmful because they break elastin and collagen in your skin. Meloncytes – which give your skin its color – are also affected. As a result, the smoothness and plumpness of skin is lost and the color changes. Eventually you will see other signs such as age spots, wrinkles, and even skin cancer on prolonged exposure. 2. Free radicals: The sun damages your skin in many ways. One way is by the production of free radicals which are harmful substances. Free radicals may also lead to skin cancer and the sun is not the only reason behind the production of thee harmful substances. Tobacco and other environmental factors also play a major role here. It is important to use products containing vitamin C and vitamin E. These are anti oxidants that reduce the effects that free radicals have. Also, it is important to eat fresh fruits and vegetables. 3. Cigarettes: The skin of a smoker is different from that of a non smoker in many different ways. For one, it is not healthy at all. Also, it does not have the capability to heal like normal skin. Moreover, a smoker’s skin wrinkles easily. This is mainly because the blood vessels of a smoker are constricted. So if you smoke, you need to look for ways to quit before it is too late. 4. Irritants: Some people are allergic to the chemicals found in laundry detergents and cleaning products. These chemicals cause redness of skin and irritation. They may also cause a condition called contact dermatitis which is seen as irritated and scaling skin. To keep away from such skin conditions it is best to avoid contact with the substances that you are allergic to. Next time you see signs of aging, check out the cause and then treat your skin accordingly.